Your smartphone is your everyday companion. The device is always with you, no matter where you may be. Smartphones can be used as supercomputers to solve all kinds of problems, from booking flights to sending money to other accounts to streaming the latest movies. All of this is possible while the user is away from their home.
Apps and smartphones are all around us. Multiple surveys show that more than 6.6 million people use smartphones worldwide. This is more than 80% worldwide. Mobile users have high expectations for the device and its software, as they play an integral and personal part in our lives.
Companies creating mobile apps face many challenges because of these high expectations. Mobile app quality must be top priority. This article outlines a simple three-step test strategy to help you create a mobile app.
Mobile Testing Challenges to Solve
You know there are many challenges when you work in mobile test. Device fragmentation is one of the most difficult issues to address.
The article also mentions the many areas you should cover when testing mobile applications, including interrupt testing and app update testing. The mobile testing cheat sheet is available for download. Make sure you read the article. This sheet will clarify everything and help you prepare your testing strategy.
Mobile Testing Strategies in 3 Steps
Step 1: Get to Know Your Customers
Gathering data and insights about customers is the first step of your testing strategy. With this data, a team will be able to select the best mobile devices and then group them according to priority.
This will reduce the amount of testing activities that are required during development and testing. The big decision here is whether to buy all test devices, adopt a beta-testing approach, or use cloud devices.
These options are available to teams. Simulators and emulators are not the best test environments.
For testing earlier in the development process, it is a good idea to use emulators and simulators. Testing in-the-wild or in the actual usage scenario of an app is a must.
Step #2: Define Your App Requirements
You can create test scenarios with the assistance of interaction designers, product managers, and real users. These scenarios will help the development team decide which devices and test data are needed to simulate user behavior and which environment to use.
These are some scenarios that could be used:
- Registering must be possible for the user
- Sign in must be possible for the user
- A user must be able add items to a shopping basket
- The cart must allow the user to remove items from it
- Users must be able to choose from different payment options
These cases will help you prioritize your work and allow you to focus on the most important features of the app.
Step #3: Define Your Mobile Testing Approach
Answer the following questions in the third step of the test strategy:
- Which area or layer can be automated in the app?
- Which components are subject to extensive manual testing, as they are not automated?
- What hardware-specific functions does the app use?
- What are the non-functional requirements for the app?
Mobile testing is critical to an app’s entire software development cycle. It is not an easy task and should not be taken lightly. Consider the test automation pyramid to determine which layer of a feature should go through automated mobile testing.
Automation on the user interface (end-2/end layer) may not be possible depending on the use case.
The automation-friendly parts should be the most important. Manual or crowd testing can handle the difficult ones. The mobile test cheat sheet can be used to help you not overlook important parts when planning for manual testing. You should test in different environments and mobile data networks.
Hardware-specific functions, such as the camera and sensors, must be included in the test strategy. Prioritization must be based on user scenarios. When testing against hardware-specific functions, it is important to cover all components of the hardware.
Mobile developers must also be aware of non-functional requirements. Consider the following non-functional requirements:
- Load Testing & Performance Testing
- Internationalization (I18N), and Localization (L10N).
These non-functional requirements should be included in the design, development and testing phases. You can also add them to your mobile testing strategy.
Take your time in developing the mobile testing strategy
It’s not easy to create a mobile testing strategy if you don’t know what product you want to test or who your product will be used by. It is important to take your time when defining your strategy.
Talk to your colleagues, including the product manager, designer, or developers. Discuss the customers and features you are interested in and what your company needs. This knowledge will help you to create your testing strategy. You can find bugs sooner if you have a solid testing strategy.
Your company and your team will both benefit from this testing strategy in the long-term. You can ship your app more confidently and your app reputation will remain high. It will be loved by your customers