6 Testing Steps for Releasing Android Apps
Mobile apps are clearly dominating the world. This means that any app developer or tester will have to compete with thousands, if not millions, of apps offering a similar service.
Every mobile app must be in the best possible condition to compete in this highly competitive market. Any bug found by QA is likely to cause dissatisfaction and prompt users to uninstall the app or remove it. In fact, almost 1 out of every 2 apps has been uninstalled within 30 days.
Every mobile app tester should have a checklist. They must know what they need to test, verify, and check for. This article lists some of these app elements.
The Main Challenges in Mobile App Testing
- Increasing the Device Fragmentation
Fragmentation refers the number of devices, browsers and platforms that are used at any one time. A website can be accessed on multiple devices, such as mobile, desktops and laptops. These devices all have different screen sizes, operating system, and browsers. Each browser and each operating system can have multiple versions, which increases the complexity. There are many handsets that run the Android operating system, for example. Android is available in multiple versions. This means that different Android versions can be running on the same model of device. This creates a fragmented landscape.
Mobile apps must be tested on real devices with different sizes, resolutions, operating systems, and models to solve this problem. This is the only way to make sure that your app runs flawlessly on any device.
Android Plus provides instant testing with thousands of real mobile devices (Android & iOS) on demand. The cloud of real devices allows testers to select from both older and newer mobile devices and run their apps. They can then test how the app responds under real user conditions.
- Security Parameters
End-users are increasingly concerned about data security than ever. Customers’ information must not be compromised by malware, hackers, or any other malicious elements. Apps need to ensure this. It can be challenging to create comprehensive security measures due to the complexity of devices fragmentation, evolution in software and internet domains, as well the different digital usage patterns of users. There are many scenarios that security can be created for. Missing one of these could lead to data loss and revenue loss, as well as a loss in brand credibility.
- Evolving Users Preferences and Demands
Technology is evolving at an unprecedented rate. At breakneck speed, new features and capabilities are being introduced. Apps must offer new features to stay relevant. The pandemic caused a huge increase in demand for video conferencing capabilities. It is difficult to keep up with the demands of these features and implement new features. This process must be completed in a short time frame. This can put undue strain on the development and QA teams, particularly if they don’t have the right infrastructure, android testing tools and other resources.
- Internet Issues
It doesn’t matter how amazing your app is, many users will leave it. Some people don’t have access to fast internet 24X7 and some won’t be able to wait to use the app under better network conditions. This is not difficult to solve. You can test how the apps perform in different network conditions, such as Edge, Edge, 3G, and 4G. You’ll be able to determine the conditions under which the app should be reoptimized once it starts showing anomalies.
- Unpredictable Circumstances
Apps can fail for a variety of reasons in the real world. Apps can fail due to a variety of factors. A call may come in, battery life may be low, the phone might restart or shut down while the app is running, the user could leave the app open and switch to another app. Apps must be tested under actual user conditions to prepare for disruptions. In environments that accurately replicate the real-world setting in which the app will operate.
Mobile App Testing Checklist
A mobile app test checklist contains 6 key aspects.
- Cross-platform compatibility
- Memory Consumption
- Language and location
Let’s take a look at each point in more detail.
1. Check app compatibility across platforms
Each app must work flawlessly on all major platforms. This includes all major platforms that run on all commonly used mobile devices. Real devices and browsers are the best tools to achieve this. Apps will be run on real devices by all users, so it is important to test them on those same devices.
Cloud-based services that provide real devices for testing are available. Android Plus provides thousands of real browsers and devices for manual and automated testing. It has thousands of Android and iOS devices that can be used for automated application testing. Mobile devices can also be used for app testing.
2. Check out the app to see if there are security concerns
Data is the most valuable commodity in the digital age. Every user is concerned about data security when downloading an app. To ensure user data is secure from unauthorised access, run every test possible. You should identify possible data breaches and then run extensive tests to protect the app from them. Security assurance is a mandatory part of any mobile app QA checklist.
An app that is successful will be versatile. Users will access any app on multiple devices. Every app should run flawlessly on every device.
If the same app is used on two different devices, such as a tablet and a smartphone, it should be optimised to fit both screen sizes. The app should not be pixelated by a large screen. A small screen should not result in any cut-out images.
Apps must be tested on real devices in order to make sure that all features work on all devices. No matter what device you use, efficient functioning can’t be compromised.
4. Mobile Apps’ Memory Consumption
Mobile app testing must include a focus on the app’s memory usage. Although every user would like more features in their app, it is important to remember that certain features can lead to greater memory consumption. Push notifications, for example, almost always increase memory consumption in Android apps.
Keep in mind that not everyone is using the most recent device. Users may uninstall an app that uses too much memory. Users will also uninstall apps that drain their battery.
5. Mobile apps should be able to handle interruptions efficiently
An app developer needs to ask these questions.
- How does the app handle notifications sent from other apps to the device?
- What happens when the app is interrupted by incoming phone calls?
- Is it able to operate under low battery, low connectivity, weak signals, or other non-optimal conditions.
Apps can work in almost any environment. Apps that offer a great user experience even in the face of interruptions will be the best. This must be a part of every mobile app testing checklist.
It is important to note that simulators and emulators are not able to handle such interruptions. These simulators and emulators can be very useful for initial development, but they are not suitable for final-stage testing. Simulators and emulators can’t replicate real-world conditions so any tests they run will not yield conclusive results. Only real browsers or devices can give you 100% accurate results.
6. Language and location
Apps tend to tailor their offerings based on where the user is located. This is especially true when apps have some sort of delivery mechanism (Amazon being a prime example). Every app should be tested to make sure it works with the GPS and can pick up where it is being used to customize its offers.
Apps that want to be truly global should also offer services in multiple languages. App developers must ensure that every language offers the same high-quality user experience. Users should be able switch languages easily and without any difficulties.
Each of the points mentioned above requires multiple tests. Manual testing can prove to be very taxing, as each test that corresponds to every point must be run on multiple devices.
Automating the manual tests can help organizations reduce test time and improve app quality. Automate repetitive tests (regression test, tests that run the same process with different input values, etc. Manually testing features that are dependent on human judgement.
Consider the following points when designing mobile app tests. Ask users questions to help you decide if your app is worth their time.
- Is the app able to work if the device has been locked?
- Is the app able to resume operation if it is connected again from an area that is not yet connected?
- Is it possible to use the device in sleep mode, and then return to active use?
- How does the app respond to natural gestures such as tap, zoom, scroll? ?
These questions allow testers to identify the functions they need to test and then create test suites. This helps to make the whole process easier, faster, and more organized right from the start.